“Victory belongs to the most persevering” is just one of the many quotable quotes by Napoleon Bonaparte. But who exactly is this man and what role did he play in the history of Paris, the French Revolution and France in general? Read on to find out.
A Look at the Early Life of Napoleon Bonaparte
Napoleon Bonaparte was born on August 15, 1769. His birthplace was Corsica, France and his parents were Carlo Buonaparte and Letizia Ramolino.
As a son coming from a gentry family, Napoleon Bonaparte was sent to military school. After finishing school, he served in the army and was quickly promoted in 1796 as the commander of the French army in Italy.
He was only 26 years old when he married Josephine de Bauharnais. She was a widow whose first husband was executed during the revolution. After learning that his wife had lovers, Napoleon took his own lovers as well – the first one being Pauline Bellisle Foures.
Since his wife Josephine was unable to produce an heir, Napoleon Bonaparte seeked a divorce so that he could remarry and produce an heir. His second wife became Marie Louise who is the Archduchess of Austria. The couple had a son, Napoleon Francis Joseph Charles who was borne as the King of Rome.
It was in February of 1821 that Napoleon Bonaparte’s health began to fail himon May 3rd, a couple of physicians from the United Kingdom administered to him. He was given palliatives for what was diagnosed as stomach cancer, but Napoleon Bonaparte died on May 5, 1821
Napoleon Bonaparte’s Tasks as a Military Ruler
The major ‘roles’ that he played on European history includes being:
– A French military and political leader
– A general who lead troops during the French Revolution
– The First Consul or ruler of France for the First French Republic
– Emperor of the First French Empire
It was on November of 1799 that Napoleon Bonaparte became the first consul. A year later, he lead his troops to defeat the Austrians in a battle at Marengo. After bearing a son with his second wife, the Peninsular War began in 1808.
Napoleon Bonaparte then lead the invasion of Russia in 1812 but two years later, Paris fell. It was the Battle of Waterloo which put an end to Napoleon Bonaparte’s reign.
He went on exile at Elba, escaped and marched to the French Capital – and was later on imprisoned by the British at a remote island in St. Helena, where he eventually died.
Because of all the tasks that he took upon himself, Napoleon Bonaparte is considered to be one of the greatest military leaders in history.